Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a long lasting disease that can affect your brain, spinal cord and the optic nerves in your eyes.

  • MS can affect everyone differently

  • MS occurs when your immune system attacks fatty material called Myelin. Myelin wraps around your nerve fibers to protect them.

  • When you lose your Meylin your nerves become damaged and scar tissue begins to form.

  • The damage means that your brain is unable to send signals throughout your body correctly. This means your nerves do not act correctly and do not help you move and feel.

What causes MS

  • Scientist believe there are four factors that play a roll in MS

    • Immunologic- The immune system malfunctions and the Mylein sheath is affected. Scientist does not know what causes the immune system to attack the mylein. The research does discover which cells are responsible for the attacks are ongoing. Scientist are looking for methods to control or stop the progression of the disease.

    • Genetic- There is a greater chance of getting MS if you have a close relative that has it. If one parent has it the risk of their children having it are 2-5 percent.

      • Scientist believe that people with MS are born with a genetic susceptibility to react to certain environmental agents.

    • Environmental- Increased cases of MS in environments farther from the equator leads scientist to believe that vitamin D may play a roll in MS. Sunlight provides Vitamin D, and people who live near the equator tend to get more sunlight.

    • Infections- Reacheres are looking to viruses and bacteria that may cause MS. Virus is known to cause the breakdown of Myelin.

Symptoms of MS

  • Double Vision

  • Vision Loss Vertigo/Dizziness

  • Lack of coordination on the arms and legs

  • Feel of electrical charge going down neck and back

  • Inability to empty bladder

  • Fatigue

  • Optic Neuritis

  • Slurred Speech

  • Problem with balance

  • Hearing loss

  • Difficulty reasoning and problem-solving

  • depression

  • poor judgement

  • Dementia

Four Different Types of MS

  1. Relapsing- Remitting (RRMS)

  2. Secondary-Progressive (SPMS)

  3. Primary-Progressive (PPMS)

  4. Progressive-Relapsing (PRMS)

Relapsing-Remitting (PPMS)

  • Flare ups of the disease or “relapses,” in between the relapses there are periods of recovery of remission.

  • Most people start with this type of MS- usually, the disease worsens after a few decades

  • relapses last about 24 hours, during the relapse the symptoms get worse. The relapse is followed by a remission. During a remission, symptoms partly or completely go away.

Secondary Progressive (SPMS)

  • This refers to people who had relapsing-remitting MS but are gradually changing in between attacks. The attacks tend to be less definite and less often,

  • Common in later phase of Relapse-Remitting MS

  • One Theory for this secondary-progressive MS is that the nerve fibers that were injured earlier in their MS are now disappearing

Primary-Progressive (PPMS)

  • Most common symptoms is leg weakness and trouble walking

  • affects everyone differently, some people have severe symptoms others tend not to

  • Unlike other types of MS, there is no relapse or remission

  • 10-15% of people with MS have this type of MS

  • Tends to come on later in Life

Progressive-Relapsing (PRMS)

  • Occurs in about 5% of people who have MS

  • Becomes steadily worse between times of remission. Remission is very infrequently

Treatment for MS

  • Talk to the doctor to get the best medications for you, there are several different types of medications.

  • Medications that cut down on the Falrir Ups and slow the advance include:

    • Doclizumab

    • Dimethyl Famarate

    • Fingolimod

    • Interferon Beta 1A

    • Mitoxantrone

    • Natalizamab

    • Ocrelizumab

    • Peginterferon

    • Teriflanomide

Alternative Treatments for MS

  • Try to keep a positive attitude

  • Exercise

  • Diet

  • Massages

  • Acupuncture

  • Evening Primrose Oil

  • Marijuana

  • If your MS flair ups up to heat: