Knee Osteoarthritis Signs Symptoms and Treatments

Knee Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis and often affects the knees.

  • Knee Osteoarthritis is a degenerative wear-and-tear type of arthritis also known as degenerative arthritis. It occurs most often in people 50 years of age or greater; however, it can also occur in young people.
  • Knee Osteoarthritis occurs when the knee joint gradually wears away, making the knee joint frayed and rough. The protective space between the bone decreases, which causes the bone to rub on bone leading to bone spurs.
  • Knee Osteoarthritis develops slowly over time.

Causes of Knee Osteoarthritis

  • It is caused by inflammation, breakdown and eventual loss of cartilage in the joints
  • It progressively worsens over time
  • Cartilage does not heal as well as a person gets older
  • Weight puts more pressure on your joints especially your knees. Every pound of weight adds 3- 4 pounds on the knees
  • Heredity – Genetics play a large roll
  • Women who are 55 and older are more likely than men to develop osteoarthritis
  • Any occupation or activity that puts repetitive stress on the knee joint
  • People with rheumatoid arthritis are more likely to develop osteoarthritis

Knee Osteoarthritis Signs and Symptoms

  • Knee pain may come and go
  • May be chronic low level with intense flair ups
  • Could be dull and aching or sharp and intense
  • Knee stiffness
  • Bone friction makes knee joints stiff and less flexible
  • Limited range of motion
  • Difficult time straightening out knee
  • Knee is worse after inactivity
  • Knee is stiff in the morning and can be difficult getting out of bed
  • Knee swelling
  • As the cartilage wears away, the femur and tibia and sometimes the patella bones can rub together
  • Knee could be red and warm to touch

Knee Osteoarthritis Treatment

  • Rest knee and avoid activities that make knee pain worse
  • Place ice or Super Cool Therapeutic Knee Wrap around knee
  • Take over-the-counter medicine such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen
  • Do physical therapy or certain exercises to help strengthen the muscles around the knee joint
  • Weight loss – even a small amount of weight loss can go a long way
  • Injections of Corticosteroid or Hyaluronic Acid into the knee.
  • The steroids will help with inflammation and the Hyaluronic Acid is normally present in joints as a lubricating fluid
  • Severe cases may require surgery

Knee Osteoarthritis Diagnosis

  • X-Rays – will show a cartilage loss by showing space between the bones in the joint, and will also show bone spurs
  • Joint Aspiration – the doctor will numb the affected area and insert a needle into the joint to withdraw fluid. The fluid will be examined for evidence of crystals or joint deterioration.
  • MRI – will provide an image that offers a better view or cartilage and other structures